The Barcelona chair was exclusively designed for the German Pavilion, that country’s entry for the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929, which was hosted by Barcelona, Spain. The design resulted from collaboration between the famous Bauhaus architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and his longtime partner and companion, architect and designer Lilly Reich, whose contributions have only recently been acknowledged. An icon of modernism, the chair’s design was inspired by the campaign and folding chairs of ancient times.
Lilly Reich began working for the Deutscher Werkbund in 1912, an organization whose raison d’etre was to focus specifically on the German design industry, its quality, evolution and promotion. Reich was responsible for designing and organizing many of the Werkbund’s international exhibitions, and in 1921 became the organization’s first female member.
Reich and van der Rohe met in the mid-1920s and collaborated on many of these exhibition design projects until he departed for the United States in 1938. While Reich always deferred to van der Rohe in public, the reverse was said to have been the case in private. While it is naturally difficult to apportion the contributions that each made to a particular design, it is interesting and poignant to note that van der Rohe never again produced any furniture designs after their partnership ended, nor had he designed any furniture beforehand. His first patent on a furniture design was issued in 1927 and his last in 1937.
Reich’s affiliation with the Deutscher Werkbund and her architectural work with van der Rohe on their exhibition design and furniture design made them the natural choice for the Commission to design the German Pavilion in Barcelona.
Materials Used in Barcelona Chair
The Barcelona Chair frame was initially designed to be bolted together, but was redesigned in 1950 using stainless steel, which allowed the frame to be formed by a seamless piece of metal, giving it a smoother appearance. Bovine leather replaced the ivory-colored pigskin which was used for the original pieces.
The functional design and elements of it that were patented by Mies in Germany, Spain and the United States in the 1930s have since expired. The Barcelona chair was manufactured in the US and Europe in limited production from the 1930s to the 1950s. In 1953, six years after Reich’s death, van der Rohe ceded his rights and his name on the design to Knoll, knowing that his design patents were expired. This collaboration then renewed popularity in the design.
Knoll claims to be the current licensed manufacturer and holder of all trademark rights to the design. In 1965, Knoll purchased the trademark rights to the Barcelona word from Drexel. In 2004, Knoll received trade dress rights to the design from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Despite these trademarks, a large replica market continues. Gordon International New York has continued to manufacture the designs since the 1970s, even after a court battle against Knoll in 2005. In 2008, another court battle erupted between Knoll and Alphaville Design California; the outcome is pending Summary Judgment in Federal District court.
Barcelona chair was among the one of the elite class furniture goods. The Barcelona chair, couch and table were the state of the art creation of the famous and very popular George Kolbe. Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe. His work reflect the revival of Germany’s cultural competence and prove without any doubt their creative accomplishments and commercial feasibility.
The much popular Barcelona chair was the result of the efforts of both Mies and Lilly Reich who was his long time partner. Reich was a highly skilled architect and designer and her master pieces are still very much famous. She has an honor to become the first female member of Deutscher Werkbund an organization whose main objective was the German Design Industry, its quality, evolution and promotion.
It is hard to find who gave more when two people contribute to a design. Nevertheless the fact that Mies did furniture design only with Reich, he did not design furniture before his association with Reich and that he did not patent any more designs after he left her.
The Barcelona chair designs had been inspired by ancient folding camping chairs. The modern style of furniture gave more liberty and diversity to the designers. The Barcelona chair was the pioneer of modern furniture and its design had changed the whole concept of classic furniture.
In original Chair chrome plated steel was used. The frames were bolted together. Leather straps were introduced to suspend the cushions covered with ivory colored pig hide. In 1950 the chair was redesigned using stainless steel. The seamless frames formed a fluid structure. The bovine leather was used instead of pig hide.
Knoll holds the sole right to manufacture original chairs. The originals carry the signature of the maestro and are accompanied with Certificate of Authenticity.
The Barcelona chair does not come easy on the pocket, thus it is but natural that Barcelona chair imitations are available all over. The attraction with this marvelous item has not declined in the years. In market most of the cheap chairs are not of admirable quality and also do not last long. Also only few manufacturers reproduce Barcelona chairs with promising excellence.
The fame of chair can be measured from the fact that online Barcelona chair autocad tutorials are also available to designers who wish to design similar chairs for their clients.
The Barcelona chair was the pride of erstwhile Germany at the world exposition. This master piece was considered as a symbol of royalty. Even today it is a collector’s item and a veritable eye soother.
Barcelona Coffee Table is a Classic Coffee Table. I must confess I have never experienced such an elegant looking table in my whole life. It adds the luxury and elegance of everything that you take on this. It’s simply one of the most beautiful thing I have ever have in my life and in home !
This was originally called the “Dessau table”. But with tha passage of time its name
changed and is now called “Barcelona Table”. It first appeared a the Tugendhat House,
Brno, Czechoslovakia. This table was first manufactured and btought to the market by
Berliner Metallgewerbe Joseph Muller. In 1931, its production was moved to Bamberg
Metallwerkstatten, Berlin. The table is the perfect compliment to the Barcelona Chairs
from Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe. Its assembly requires minimal effort and you can use
Barcelona Coffee Table anywhere you wish to in your house.
Its frame is made of solid polished stainless steel and is 30 x 12mm in diameter. Clear
tempered glass top, whose thickness is 19 mm. A table for the individuals who really
want to enjoy their life.
There are several reasons you should include Barcelona chair and stool to your furniture collection. This amazing chair is just perfect piece of comfort and beauty for you if you like modern design and need to make your room unique and different from all your acquaintances. The distinct feature of Barcelona chair and stool is that it comes with many beautiful color options so you can make your boring room a total different life and style with by adding this chair in red, yellow, blue or any other colour.
Following are few more reasons to add this sophisticated and creative thing part of your living:
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe created it for the king and queen of Spain in the 1920′s so it’s a royal furniture and your will feel it !
It was selected by the most renowned designers in the art world to win a Museum of Modern Art award.
Barcelona Chair & Stool is not just eye-catching but it is a durable and comfortable of its kind because it’s frame is made from the heaviest wood available, the leather is of most superior quality and and the legs are supported with the tubular steel.